A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage, and present spatial or geographic data. GIS applications are tools that allow users to create interactive queries (user-created searches), analyse spatial information, edit data in maps, and present the results of all these operations. GIS can refer to a number of different technologies, processes, techniques and methods.
The wider aim of the project is to support Uzbekistan in sustainable development by GISc. The objectives envisaged with the project is to establish a missing puzzle from the Uzbek educational system after the MSc level has been completed and before the DSc is targeted. The proposal offers a programme and methods to bridge the gap.
One of the main aim of DSinGIS project is to enhance the scientific level of academic and research staff at UZ partner universities in the field of GISc.
Taking into account the one of the aim of the project, DSinGIS had a call for young researcher mobility in short term period at partner universities. Current PhD student Mamanbek Reimov from Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan successfully admitted and shortlisted from the first call of the mobility and had opportunity two-month research-visit from January-February 2019 at Obuda University, Hungary. During this period of stay he continued his PhD research under the supervision of Dr. Malgorzata Wojtaszek in the sphere of remote sensing and GIS on the research topic “Study ecosystems and its services of Aral Sea region on the basis of GIS technologies to create a network of protected natural areas in Uzkeistan”.
During the two-month stay Mamanbek Reimov had a great chance to be familiarize with new Remote Sensing analysis such as Land classification, Land use mapping, supervised/unsupervised and segment based classifications and image tools. There were several research site visits organized by Valeria Balazsik in order to compare the field with Landsat and Sentinel images. Furthermore, with recommendation and near assistance of Prof. Bela Markus there were meeting was organized with Dr. Takács András Attila and got necessary information about current condition of nature protected areas in Hungary.
Moreover, during the stay at Obuda together with Dr. Lorant Foldvary applied for the next call project Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility project in January 2019. Moreover, there were meeting was organized with vice rectors of TIIAME and Obuda University. There were discussed to organize trainings for staff and MSc students in sphere of “Smart Agriculture”, “Geoinformatics”, “Land Management” and “Mechatronics” in framework of joint program between the Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers and Obuda University. Moreover, establishing and strengthening the new international cooperation in framework of ERASMUS+ International Credit Mobility and Hungarian Governmental “Stipendium Hungaricum” Scholarship Programs.
“Nowadays majority nature protected areas and biosphere reserves at the Lower part of Amudarya River are on the verge of disaster. This primarily is due to two main issues. First, increase of water scarcity in the lower part of Amudarya River, which leads to termination of tugai forests and biodiversity, increase of desertification and salinity of the territory. The second huge negative impact comes from human activities: farming and production of building materials, which leads to degradation of the soil and landscape of the reserve. The key point of these problems is that even though the Lower Amudarya State Biosphere Reserve and Complex (landscape) Reserve “SAYGACHI” were established to protect the unique tugai environment, but nowadays it is not able to fulfil these functions because of the absence of effective control. Quantification, mapping and remote sensing analyses of ecosystem services are going to construct a base for the control over the existing services by identifying where high level of services need protection or management in order to reduce the negative impact on the ecosystem of the Lower Amudarya State Biosphere reserve and Complex (landscape) Reserve “SAYGACHI” in Uzbekistan” and now I am working on the scientific article in annual GI conference” states PhD student Mamanbek Reimov.